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Gambone, Guido

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Guido Gambone, He was born in Montella, near Avellino, June 27, 1909 by Gaetano and Teresa Volpe. As a teenager, he moved with his family to Vietri sul Mare, a town famous for its production of ceramics in common use.
At the age of fifteen, despite the opposition of his father, he left to go to the school as an apprentice in the ceramic factory of Francesco Avallone.
From the beginning on Guido Gambone was influenced by potters imported into town like Germans engaged in manufacturing ceramics in Salerno (ICS) and in the style of entrepreneur Max Melamerson.
The presence of a large group of foreign workers a decisive contribution to the renewal of the style of ceramics of Vietri, respecting the techniques, colors and local operating conditions. In the few ceramics that early period of Guido Gambone, his points were on the process of assimilation of new styles, which marked the reality of the representation and full of medieval charm, derived from R. Dölker (Napolitano, 1989).
Equally important for the work of Guido Gambone was the example of the ceramics by Irene Kowaliska (D'Andria, 1985-1988, p. 507), whose stylistic influence is exhibited, for example in a vase by Guido Gambone, reported in 1932-1933 (Napolitano, 1989, p. 258).

Particular attention iconographic models Dölker show the two ceramic plates Industry Avallone, attributed to Guido Gambone, which appeared in 1928 in the magazine Domus (n. 10, p. 34 s.) The best examples of ceramic production in exposed that year War Quadrennial Pesaro (Napolitano, 1990). The hand of Guido Gambone can also be seen in the ceramics of Avallone presented at the IV International exhibition of decorative arts and industrial Monza 1930.

In 1928 Guido Gambone realized the his early paintings, the first taste of a pictorial production that stands out was through the years and that appears stylistically close to that of ceramic, although limited to a field of research and not for private exhibitions (painting was Guido Gambone's take into account of the posthumous exhibition held in Salerno in 1979).

In 1933, Guido Gambone lost his leg, after a car accident. Despite the severe damage, he continued to work and, in 1935, when he left Dölker Vietri, took on the role of master painter decorator at the ICS Melamerson. The following year, Guido Gambone, together with the brothers Vincenzo and Salvatore Procida and Francesco Solimena, moved to Florence, where he worked in the company that Melamerson Cantagalli had installed. Belong to this stage of the four pieces of polychrome majolica pottery museum Raito in Vietri sul Mare (CEFARIELLO Grosso, 1994), which continues to be perceived legacies of German culture.

Back in Vietri in 1939, Guido Gambone resumed his place in the company of Melamerson now directly from Luigi Negri, where he had changed the name in the production of artistic ceramics Salerno. Five years later, in 1944, he started his own company and, with Andrea D'Arienzo, he opened a small factory called The Faenzarella.

In this endeavor, Guido Gambone finds favorable conditions to express the personal wealth of knowledge of the techniques and begins with basic glazes and enamelling processes that led him to interesting effects of variations and crackle; production Faenzerella is marked by this particular luster,called "Gambone", imitated by other local factories, and for the elaboration of the reasons of more traditional works in Vietri, like the famous donkey, created by Dölker, and flowers (D'Andria, 1985 - 88, p. 510).

In 1947 he exhibited at the 8th Triennale of Milan - exhibition who took part continuously 1951-1960 - and the sixth national competition of ceramics of Faenza. Where he presented the panel with the allegory of the Italian Republic Work (Faenza, International Museum of Ceramics), reported in the journal Faenza for the richness of color that matches the desired coverage of the glaze. The following year, in the context of the Seventh National Competition, Guido Gambone Faenza won the award thanks to a cup decorated with abstract in brown and yellow on white.
In 1949 he again won the award of Faenza, but with a connection with A. Bucci, with a bottle shaped like a woman entitled "The Faenzarella". This shows a "distant exotic inspiration, Mediterranean made, and by the kindness of the great models and the preciousness glaze. (Liverani).
In 1950, Guido Gambone participated in the Venice Biennale.

In the fifties Guido Gambone participated in many international exhibitions of ceramics (D'Andria, 1986-1988, 519 pp.), A personal exhibition he organized at the Galleria Il Milione in Milan, in 1951; two years later he exhibited in the Strozzina gallery in Florence and in 1954, in Faenza, participation in the 12th National Competition of ceramics, which he won, thanks to two pieces in stoneware, mother and woman lying down (both preserved in the International Museum Ceramics Faenza), which are important in the synthesis of Cubist show. On the other hand, the production of this period seen by Guido Gambone, oriented many different aspects of modern and contemporary art by Pablo Picasso, Paul Klee and Jean Paul Miro, as also the paintings by Guido Gambone.(D'Andria, 1985-1988 , p. 520).

In the sixties Guido Gambone remained a favor to stoneware, he added that the most diverse types and that allowed him an in-depth study into the effects of rough surfaces. If the form is still a focus of common objects, such as vases, bowls, flasks and bottles acknowledges, the study of anthropomorphic patterns show that only takes care of the processing of plastics. The free forms of elation and play plastic objects range outcomes substantially an iconic, such as the great white panel Completion (Florence, by Guido Gambone) awarded in Faenza in 1967.

Guido Gambone won the award again in Faenza in 1959, 1960, 1961 (XVII, XVIII and XIX National Competition ceramics). Also in 1960 he won the gold medal at the fifth edition of the Master George (Gubbio) and the following year, one of the Independent National Exhibition of crafts (Florence). In 1962 he was awarded the gold medal at the XX National Competition of Ceramics (the winning work was acquired by the International Museum of Ceramics in Faenza) and participated in the IV International Competition of Ceramic Art of Gualdo Tadino, where he was awarded with Hovisari A. and G. Dragoni. In 1962 he took part in the international contemporary ceramics in Prague, gaining the gold medal. In 1963 he won ex aequo with L. Assirelli, Città di Cervia, who also won in 1964 (along with GB Bagnoli and Dragons). Also in 1963 he introduced two pieces of "real sculpture ... informal" (Zetti Ugolotti) in Monza, in the league ceramics. The following year he participated in the exhibition "Ceramics Art Italian", held in Rome in the gallery of Penelope. In 1968 he took part in a work in stoneware to the XIV Milan Triennale.

Guido Gambone died in Florence on September 20, 1969.

Bottle shaped vase

Bottle shaped vase

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